Thursday, July 31, 2014

4 Simple Ways to Spiral Through the Math Standards!

Minds in Bloom is very happy to present Kristin of One Stop Teacher Shop who will be teaching us about spiraling today!

Have you ever asked your students a question during a math lesson they should know the answer to, only to realize they literally have no idea what you are talking about?  Students stare with blank faces, while the teacher wonders, “How can this be happening? I just spent weeks on this topic!”  Any teacher can attest, this happens way more than it should!  Well, I’m here to tell you there is a simple solution to this problem of “forgetfulness”, and it is called spiraling!

When teaching math, most teachers believe they need to continue to teach a topic until it has been mastered by their students.   This mastery approach is what I like to call, the “beating a dead horse” approach.  Yes, some students will master the concept quickly, but most, unfortunately, will not.   What tends to happen is teachers spend lots of time teaching, testing, feeling frustrated reteaching, reviewing, and retesting the same topic.  A “1-to-2 week unit” has now stretched for three, or even four weeks.  Yikes!!!  What teacher has time for that?

The spiraling approach is the exact opposite!  Just like a spiral goes round and round, spiraling in the classroom does the same thing; you continuously spiral the standards so they are constantly being “touched on” by your students.  Instead of focusing on one concept for weeks until mastery is reached, standards are taught with the idea that the students will be revisiting them, in some way, time and time again, before reaching mastery…and that’s okay.  In the end, everything comes together.

After years of using this approach in my own classroom, I have found some highly effective ways to “spiral” through the standards.  

1. Spiral through Guided Math

Why I like it!  This is one of the simplest ways I incorporate spiraling into my daily instruction.  A majority of the time (meaning all the time) students learn at different paces.  Some students need more review, while others don't.  Guided math time, or small group instruction, is the perfect time and place to slip in those spiral lessons.

How it works!  After teaching a unit, I assess my students and move on to the next unit.  The assessment is then used to develop a "plan of action" for my small group instruction.  I determine what skills I need to focus on, and teach a quick review lesson at the beginning of each small group meeting.  My review lesson may just be a problem for my students to solve, or maybe more.  Each time we meet, I quickly review a few past skills before moving on to the current skill.  

2.  Spiral through Centers

Why I like it!  Anytime I can make learning fun, I go for it.  Center time in my room is always noisy and chaotic, in the best way possible of course.  This is my opportunity to turn a spiraling opportunity into a fun game.

How it works!  Each week I change out my center activities.  One of those activities is a game that reviews a skill/concept I have already taught.  It can be something as simple as a card game reviewing multiplication, or a dice game for dividing decimals. (Click here for a free Multiplying Whole Numbers game!) It is important to focus on a different skill each time students visit this center.  

3.  Spiral through Homework

Why I like it!  This is by far my favorite way to spiral!  It takes the least amount of instructional time, and allows parents to see what their child is expected to know.  The amount of homework is not overwhelming (ex. 30 long division practice problems...too much!). The daily review keeps all previously taught concepts fresh, and provides enough daily practice  so that my students have a chance to master skills they are still struggling with.  I can't ask for anything better than that!

How it works! I send home about 8 to 12 problems a night that spiral through the standards I have already taught in class.  The next day I spend about 5 to 10 minutes at most, checking over the spiral problems, and addressing any concerns my students may have.  This process repeats every day of the week!

**If you don't have your own version of spiral homework, or don't want to make it, my spiral homework is available in my Teachers Pay Teachers store.  You can even try it FREE.  {Grades 2-6}

4. Spiral through Technology

Why I like it!  Highly engaging...need I say more?

How it works!  Through the use of various types of technology (laptops, tablets, computers) I incorporate various websites into my my daily math centers.  Students are given time each day/week to use technology to access these sites and review concepts they have already learned.  It is important to designate specific websites to specific students so that you know they are working on various skills they need the most practice with.  

A few of my favorite website for math games...

As you can probably tell, I'm very enthusiastic when it comes to spiraling in my classroom.  It has brought my students much success, and built-up their math skills, as well as their confidence.  I hope this spiraling method will bring your students the same success!

My name is Kristin and I am the creator of One Stop Teacher Shop blog, and Teachers Pay Teachers store. I have been teaching for 7 years in 3rd, 4th, and 5th grade, with a Master's degree in Elementary Reading & Math.  Feel free to stop by my store and blog to check out some great ideas and resources for Upper Elementary.

Sunday, July 27, 2014

Smooth Sailing: Back to School Giveaway and Classroom Procedure Tips!

Would you like:
  • 20+ chances to win gift cards for up to $50 each? 
  • The chance to win a grand prize package worth nearly $300 and consisting of more than 20 best-selling products from a some of your favorite grade 3-5 TpT sellers?
  • A collection of awesome Back-to-School tips (and a few freebies too!)? 

Then you are in the right place. Start by reading my post about teaching classroom procedures. Then enter the Rafflecopter. Finally, use the link up at the bottom of the page to hop to the next blog and do it all again!

So, for my back to school tips, I want to focus on the classroom procedures that we need to teach our students each and every year. Clearly, this is one of those situations where a stitch in time saves let's get sewing:

Like the Boy Scouts - Be Prepared
Try to anticipate every situation that will come up regularly or semi-regularly in your classroom. Imagine a typical day and write down every procedure/routine you will need. Look around your classroom...which areas in your room need a procedure (the sink, the supply cabinet, the stack of personal white boards, the homework tray etc.) Then, just to make sure you've got them all, download this free Procedure Checklist!

Be Consistent or Chaos will Ensue
When students don't know what to do it's frustrating for everyone involved. The teacher and the students who do know get annoyed. The students who don't know feel stupid. Time is wasted. This is easily avoided by keeping your procedures and routines the same all year long. It will also make for better behavior for substitutes and may even pay off big-time when the principal walks unexpectedly into your room.

No Robots or Zombies
Unless your students are robots programmed to do exactly the right thing, you are going to have to practice quite a bit. Set the bar high. Expect excellence. Don't let them get away with doing it half-way. At the same time, you don't want to drill-and-kill until your students are starting to look like pint-sized zombies. So if everyone is looking tired and annoyed, perhaps it is time to table it until tomorrow.

Acknowledge their Awesomeness
Remember to let your students  know when they get it right. This can be as simple as saying thank you for getting right to work first thing in the morning or it could involve a fair amount of praise for their ability to stand quietly line for 30 seconds. Do what works for you and your students, but try to keep it positive. Consider giving no-cost reward coupons (which are part of the giveaway) for a little extra motivation.

Procedures as Prompts
You might also want to use your classroom procedures as discussion or writing prompts for more reinforcement. For example, you could ask your students:
  • What should you do if you finish all your work early?
  • Where should you turn in your homework?
  • What always needs to go in the top, right hand corner of your paper?
  • What should you do after you have eaten your lunch?
If you want them to respond in writing, make it a journal prompt or create a Classroom Procedure Center. You could even use these Task Cards (which you could win by entering the giveaway below).

And now it's time to talk about this this giveaway I keep alluding to

Here is how it works: I will be giving away two $25 TpT Gift Cards (because I LOVE TpT and I know many of you do too) right here on Minds in Bloom!  Not only that, my blogging buddies in the link up below are also all giving away gift cards totally $50 per blog, so be sure to enter their contests too.

In addition, we are all contributing one or two of our best selling Back-to-School products to a Grand Prize Package worth nearly $300! I am contributing my Back to School Task Card Bundle (which includes the Classroom Procedure Task Cards mentioned earlier) and this set of Reward Coupons. When you enter to win the gift cards, you are also entering to win the Grand Prize.

Giveaway Rules
  • This giveaway is open to any classroom teacher. 
  • Three names will be drawn at Minds in Bloom: Two winners will each win a $25 TpT Gift Card and the third person will be entered in the drawing to win the Grand Prize Package. 
  • This giveaway ends on August 2, 2014.
  • Winners will be announced here and notified by email. 

Here is a peek at everything that is included in the Grand Prize Package (the images are clickable if you would like a closer look!)

This Image created by: Ladybug Teacher Files
TpT images created by Blair Turner
a Rafflecopter giveaway

Visit these awesome blogs for more great back to school tips and more chances to win!

Thursday, July 24, 2014

Writing in Math Class?

Minds in Bloom is happy to present this guest post by Kim of Teaching Math by Hart. We just know you're going to love this post on journaling in math class!

When I first introduce journaling to my students in my class, I generally hear comments like, "Aren't we in Math class right now?", followed by, "Isn't journaling for Language Arts class?".

Who would have thought that you can journal in Math class too!

Why Journal in Math class?

A Math journal can be used as a strategy to provide students with an opportunity to:
  • reflect on their math understanding and learning
  • search for real life connections
  • openly write about ideas, thoughts, and feelings about math
  • become more actively involved in their own learning
  • make use of the math vocabulary presented in class
A Math journal can be used as a strategy to provide teachers with an opportunity to:
  • differentiate for a variety of learners
  • assess their students' knowledge in a variety of ways
  • provide students with an alternative way to explore and enhance their learning
  • integrate outcomes/standards from other subject areas

How to Journal in Math Class

How and when to journal is completely up to you and your students. To maximize the benefit of journaling, I recommend doing it at least once a week as a warm-up/warp-up activity in your math class. To help me incorporate journaling into our weekly routine, I refer to Thursday as, "Thinking Math Thoughts". At the beginning of the class I present a journal starter to the class and allow them 10-15 minutes to write their thoughts in their journal. Depending on the topic, we may have a class discussion afterwards.

Another way to encourage your students to journal is to keep a basket of journal starters our in your classroom. If students finish an assignment early, they can grab a starter and write a journal entry on their own.

Journaling can also be a very insightful form of assessment. Journal entries can be both an effective and efficient way to check for understanding. Once a lesson is complete, it can be followed with a quick question for the students to solve. They can then elaborate in their journals. Use as an exit slip to determine where you students are today and what they will be ready for tomorrow.

Using journals as a formal assessment will often tell you more about your students' understanding that a test would. In order to assess specific skills, relate your journal entry directly to the concept you want to assess. Journaling requires students to put their thought process on paper, a difficult task for some. I always find it fascinating that the ones that struggle the most with this assessment are often my strongest math students. They often default to, "I just know it. I can't explain it." 

Student sample explaining Order of Operations to another student.

I encourage you to attempt journaling in your own Math class. As this becomes an established expectation, your students will gradually become stronger mathematical thinkers and more confident math learners. To help you get started, I am offering this FREE sample of journal starters on Minds in Bloom only! If you see value in incorporating this into your teaching practice, you can check out the full resource here.

Kim is a devoted mother, wife and teacher. She is currently a middle years math teacher in a school in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. She spends her time planning and thinking of new and innovative ways to teach math to her students. Why, you ask? Believe it or not, she thinks learning Math should be FUN and it should be REAL!

If you are interested in finding more math activities to try in your own classroom, please consider following Kim on her blog Teaching Math by Hart, or her Facebook page.

Sunday, July 20, 2014

Using Exit Tickets

Minds in Bloom is so happy to welcome Cassie from Create-Abilities! This post is a little goldmine of ideas on how to use exit slips...and tons of examples too!

I need to tell you about one of my obsessions: exit tickets! I love them! They are the quickest and most effective way I have found to assess your students understanding of core concepts. I have tried various ways to incorporate exit tickets. I have had students write answers to questions on scratch paper, have had them answer questions on index cards, and even had them tell me something as they walked out the door (for example: two equivalent fractions as the walk out the door to recess).
All of these worked out okay, but I wanted something that was easy to prepare beforehand that met the exact standard I needed met. It was a lot of upfront investment but it was completely worth it. By preparing my exit tickets beforehand (instead of in the moment like usual) I was also able to keep my teaching on track and make sure that I was incorporating the strategies I wanted to use. It kept me focused on what our learning objectives were for the day as well. I don't know about you, but I the more I plan beforehand, the better the lesson seems to go. 
What's great about exit tickets is that they can be used as formative or summative assessments. In my classroom, I used them mostly as formative. It seems to me with all of the testing we now need to do that I have enough summative data. I wanted something that would help me see a snapshot of where my kids were and where I still needed to take them. I like to think of these exit tickets as "checkpoints" along the way. I feel like if I am not constantly checking in with my students learning, then I as their teacher can't do my job to it's fullest.
This is a nice little video about formative versus summative assessment. I really like how he talks about turning a summative assessment into a formative assessment if your students do poorly on it!

I want to see what my students know and if my lesson/strategies were effective (of course I love to assume that my teaching was perfect!). The students would be given an exit ticket that had a few problems on it that tied in directly to what I was teaching that day. They would answer them and come check them off with me before they headed outside to recess. Depending on the day, I would either grade them immediately and have students go back and fix mistakes (that's the beauty of having only a few problems per ticket), or collect them and use the data to form my teaching for the next day.
Sometimes, I would also do a "Student Teacher". That means, the first 1-3 kids that finished with 100% could help me grade using their ticket as an answer key. This was really helpful when we got near testing at the end of the year and I wanted to work more one on one with the students who needed it. Those who just needed a quick check could go to the Student Teachers and I could pull the kids who were struggling and work with them. 
Another way I used exit tickets was to help differentiate my instruction by working with my teaching partner using the data from the tickets. We would take the students who really struggled and they would work with one teacher going over the problems on the tickets. Then, the kids who could use an extension or extra practice would work with the other teacher on going beyond the ticket.
When I created my tickets, I made two to a page for easy printing. I try to save paper anywhere I can!

I would make the copies I needed and cut them in half. I also created answer keys two to a page. This made it so both teachers could have a copy of the answer key. Sometimes we had para-educators or parents that could help us grade and having multiple answer keys really helped.

Here is a short video showing how another teacher uses exit tickets. 

If you are interested in trying out my exit tickets, I have attached a sample of them across a few grade levels. They can be found by clicking on this link: Exit Tickets
My name is Cassie and I am the creator of Create-abilities teaching resources. I have taught third grade for five years and have a Masters of Education in Instructional Design. I love using whole brain teaching and differentiated instruction in my classroom to engage the learners and make learning fun!
You can visit my Teacherspayteachers store by clicking on the link: Create-abilities

Thursday, July 17, 2014

"It's Rigor, Not Rigor Mortis" A Short Reflection from Notice and Note

Artwork credits: Edusong, Dancing Crayon Designs, KG Fonts

The title of this post (It's Rigor, Not Rigor Mortis) comes from a subheading in the book, Notice and Note: Strategies for Close Reading by Kylene Beers and Robert E. Probst. I love this subheading because it speaks to what so many fear will be the outcome of close reading: the death of the love of reading in our students. And it certainly could be. But it shouldn't.

According to the authors, the rigor isn't in the text itself. Forcing students to slog through text that is way above grade level is not the point (and in fact can reduce rigor as students are just trying to get a bare-bones comprehension of the text rather than a deeper understanding). Rather, "the essential element of rigor is engagement." How cool is that? It is what we do with the text that matters. What questions do we ask, and more importantly, what questions do our students ask? When we help our students to dig deeply into the text - to make inferences, to consider different points of view, explore the structure of the text, to form their own opinions and so on, that is rigor. And it is engaging. And it can be, dare I say it? Fun!

So, what do you think of the authors' definition of rigor? And is that definition different from how rigor is defined at your school? Please share with a a comment.

Looking for other bloggers' thoughts on Notice and Note? Check out this link up at Dilly Dabbles.

Monday, July 14, 2014

TpT Sellers Conference: Best Day Ever!

Those of you who follow Minds in Bloom know that I rarely write about topics that are not directly related to, and useful for teachers. But I am making an exception today because the last few days have been so amazing and profound in my life and because I thought those of you who use Teachers Pay Teachers might enjoy a look behind the scenes.

Last Wednesday I flew to Vegas for the very first Teachers Pay Teachers Sellers Conference on Friday. I was a little nervous because I was slated to present two sessions, but mostly excited. A lot of incredible things happened over those few days. But I am going to keep it to just three.

Paul took this selfie of us! I was so honored and thrilled!
First off, I got to meet Paul Edelman, the founder of Teachers Pay Teachers. I was one of the first sellers to join TpT back in 2006. In retrospect, it was one of the luckiest days of my life. TpT has changed my life in so many ways, not just financially, but it as also given me the opportunity to share my work with thousands of teachers and students, and that is simply amazing to me. So, I was thrilled to finally have an opportunity to thank him (and to give him a giant hug!) and also to spend some time with some of the other members of the TpT team. 

Even if you are not a seller, if you have downloaded resources from TpT, then this man has impacted your life too. How would your life be different right now if TpT had never been founded? It is something to ponder because, as I heard one seller say (and I am so sorry, I can't remember who), "TpT has changed the landscape of education."

This is a group of 3-6 sellers I network with. Ari (AKA The Science Penguin)arranged a wonderful dinner for us all! How many do you recognize?
Second, I met so many amazing sellers! There were 746 sellers in attendance (which in itself was incredible). Some of us have been chatting in Facebook and in email for years and finally meeting was such a joy. We were Facebook friends, but now we are real friends. I also really enjoyed meeting sellers that I was not familiar with before the conference. Many sellers came up to introduce themselves. I was really touched by their kind words.  One theme that ran through the entire conference is that we really are a collaborative group. We help each other. We pay it forward. Often it was said that TpT is a family, and it really did feel that way. 
Presenting is fun! Photo from 3rd Grade Gridiron
This is all the presenters. Photo from TpT!
Finally, a huge highlight for me was that I got to present. Once by myself, and once with Laura Candler (who was wonderful to work with and wonderful to hang out with too! We had the best time together!).  The session I did by myself was first. This was my first presentation, but surprisingly, I wasn't nervous. I had done my presentation at least a dozen times for my dog and I really had it down. The room was packed...people were standing at the back and sitting on the floor. I found out later that they think there were nearly 400 people there. I did my presentation and it seemed to be going one seemed restless, lots were taking notes, and they all laughed at the right times. It was really fun and I was had a great time. The next one was with Laura and it went really well too!  I got a lot of positive feedback, which I am only writing about here because several of the sellers who have done a lot of presenting told me that I should present at educational conferences. I am thinking about doing just that.

So, any ideas about what I might present on? Task cards comes to mind first. Would you want to attend a session on task cards? I could also do other topics related to ELA. Your feedback would be so much appreciated. 

Just one more picture to share with you. This was a gift for Paul from all of the TpT sellers. There were smaller versions for the TpT team members as well. 

Picture from TpT

I really do want to hear your comments. Here are some questions to ponder:
  • How has TpT changed your life and your teaching?
  • If you were at the conference, what were your highlights?
  • And, finally, what could I present at an educational conference that would be useful for YOU?
Thanks so much for sticking with me to the end of this post!

Read about more adventures in Vegas here:

Wednesday, July 9, 2014

Las Vegas Summer Sale!

I am beyond excited because I am heading off to Las Vegas today for the Teachers Pay Teachers Sellers Conference! I will be presenting two sessions: one on marketing, which I will be doing by myself and one on creating A+ products, which I will be doing with the always wonderful Laura Candler.  I can't wait to finally meet my TpT friends in person! If you are attending, be sure to come find me and say hello!

To celebrate the occasion, I am putting my entire store on sale for 10% off! from now through July 11th. So if you want to get a jump on next year, now is a great time to do it!  There are of course plenty of Task Cards, as well as Close Reading, and some awesome Brain Breaks.

Happy Teaching (or relaxing, grilling, vacationing, or whatever else you are doing this summer),

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