Informational Text Structures can be tricky to teach, but they are important for understanding nonfiction text. Not only that, they are part of the Informational Text Common Core Standards for fourth and fifth grade:
RI.4.5. Describe the overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in a text or part of a text.
RI.5.5. Compare and contrast the overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in two or more texts.
To make things a little easier, I created these five free posters and student handout as reminders for your students. The handout and posters include signal words and tips for identifying each of these text structures:
- Problem and Solution
- Compare and Contrast
- Cause and Effect
If you are looking for more practice with Informational Text Structures, consider purchasing this set of multiple choice task cards. Just like the sample card below, each card features a short nonfiction paragraph for students to identify.